CD163 Molecule Peptide 1
Rabbit Recombinant Cloned Antibody
This PDF provides the evaluation results as provided by the Human Protein Atlas (www.proteinatlas.org).
NCI Identification Number:
CD163 Molecule Peptide 1
CPTC-CD163 Peptide 1
CD163 Molecule; M130; Scavenger Receptor Cysteine-Rich Type 1 Protein M130; Hemoglobin Scavenger Receptor; CD163 Antigen; SCARI1; MM130; Macrophage-Associated Antigen; CD163
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the scavenger receptor cysteine-rich (SRCR) superfamily, and is exclusively expressed in monocytes and macrophages. It functions as an acute phase-regulated receptor involved in the clearance and endocytosis of hemoglobin/haptoglobin complexes by macrophages, and may thereby protect tissues from free hemoglobin-mediated oxidative damage. This protein may also function as an innate immune sensor for bacteria and inducer of local inflammation. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene.CD163 (CD163 Molecule) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CD163 include Rosai-Dorfman Disease and Non-Langerhans-Cell Histiocytosis. Among its related pathways are Hematopoietic Stem Cells and Lineage-specific Markers and Binding and Uptake of Ligands by Scavenger Receptors. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include scavenger receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is CD163L1.Acute phase-regulated receptor involved in clearance and endocytosis of hemoglobin/haptoglobin complexes by macrophages and may thereby protect tissues from free hemoglobin-mediated oxidative damage. May play a role in the uptake and recycling of iron, via endocytosis of hemoglobin/haptoglobin and subsequent breakdown of heme. Binds hemoglobin/haptoglobin complexes in a calcium-dependent and pH-dependent manner. Exhibits a higher affinity for complexes of hemoglobin and multimeric haptoglobin of HP*1F phenotype than for complexes of hemoglobin and dimeric haptoglobin of HP*1S phenotype. Induces a cascade of intracellular signals that involves tyrosine kinase-dependent calcium mobilization, inositol triphosphate production and secretion of IL6 and CSF1. Isoform 3 exhibits the higher capacity for ligand endocytosis and the more pronounced surface expression when expressed in cells. After shedding, the soluble form (sCD163) may play an anti-inflammatory role, and may be a valuable diagnostic parameter for monitoring macrophage activation in inflammatory conditions.
UniProt Accession Number:
Calculated Isoelectric Point:
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