tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase 2; EAPII; TTRAP; ETS1-associated protein 2;TRAF and TNF receptor associated protein; ETS1-associated protein II; Tyr-DNA phosphodiesterase 2; TRAF and TNF receptor-associated protein; 5'-Tyr-DNA phosphodiesterase; AD022; 5'-tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase; dJ30M3.3; EAP2; EC 3.1.4
This gene encodes a member of a superfamily of divalent cation-dependent phosphodiesterases. The encoded protein associates with CD40, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-75 and TNF receptor associated factors (TRAFs), and inhibits nuclear factor-kappa-B activation. This protein has sequence and structural similarities with APE1 endonuclease, which is involved in both DNA repair and the activation of transcription factors.
DNA repair enzyme that can remove a variety of covalent adducts from DNA through hydrolysis of a 5'-phosphodiester bond, giving rise to DNA with a free 5' phosphate. Catalyzes the hydrolysis of dead-end complexes
between DNA and the topoisomerase 2 (TOP2) active site tyrosine residue. Hydrolyzes 5'-phosphoglycolates on protruding 5' ends on DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) due to DNA damage by radiation and free radicals. The 5'-tyrosyl DNA phosphodiesterase activity can enable the repair of TOP2-induced DSBs without the need for nuclease activity, creating a 'clean' DSB with 5'-phosphate termini that are ready for ligation. Has also 3'-tyrosyl DNA phosphodiesterase activity, but less efficiently and much slower than TDP1. May also act as a negative regulator of ETS1 and may inhibit nuclear factor-kappa-B activation.